Frank Lloyd Wright:
Fallingwater or Kaufmann Residence is a house designed by architect Frank Lloyd Wright in 1935 in rural southwestern Pennsylvania, This project is an unique modern Organic example of Architecture.
Organic architecture is a philosophy of architecture which promotes harmony between human habitation and the natural world through design approaches so well integrated with its site that buildings, furnishings, and surroundings become part of a unified, interrelated composition.
The home was built partly over a waterfall the Allegheny Mountains. It became instantly famous. The American Institute of Architects named the house the “best all-time work of American architecture.”
Hailed by Time shortly after its completion as Wright’s “most beautiful job”, it is listed among Smithsonian’s Life List of 28 places “to visit before you die.”
The Kaufmanns asked Frank Lloyd Wright to design the house because they wanted a modern house and because their son was studying with him at the Wright School and impressed with his ideas.
The Kaufmanns knew that Wright loved nature, as they did. He also knew that they loved the waterfall, and he decided to make it part of the new house. Frank Lloyd Wright told them that he wanted them to live with the waterfalls, to make them part of their everyday life, and not just to look at them now and then. The cantilevered house which sits on a waterfall that is audible rather than visible was Frank Lloyd Wright’s unique achievement.The house doesn’t even appear to stand on solid ground, but instead stretches out over a 30’ waterfall. It captured everyone’s imagination when it was on the cover of Time magazine in 1938.
All the three floor plans form a pattern in such a way that they are arranged round the single vertical element, which is the natural stone tower-the staircase.
At the foot of the staircase is the supported ground floor and the slope of the hill. The base of the building is made of natural stone, the individual storeys are made up of reinforced concrete, and the walls of glass. The building literally combine natural stone and concrete in the exterior and interior, nature and space, nature and architecture, the organic and the geometric.
What Frank Lloyd Wright achieved in this building was to place its occupants in a close relationship to the surrounding beauty – the trees, the foliage and the wild flowers.
I love the ideas of the architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright in that each house is unique and brings nature and natural light into the house making it part of the landscape and not trying to dominate nature as many modern examples of architecture do.